How to run schools in the Republic of China? The tuition free government "cultivation fee" went to school season, large and small campus, once again sounded the sound of loud reading. Education is one of the most effective ways of it, in the thousands of years of history, China has a tradition of valuing education. With the demise of the Qing Dynasty, all kinds of thoughts are constantly coming into being. Especially in the Western powers under the ship’s guns, the people of insight to realize that education is to promote people to strong medicine. Therefore, in the period of the Republic of China, more and more people are actively involved in the cause of education, the establishment of a new school, the government also forced parents to send their children to school to accept new education. The period of the Republic of China, because the strength is weak, the emergence of a number of separate regime warlords situation, these warlords subjectively in order to enhance its soft power, more emphasis on education, the objective is also to promote the development of local education. Republic of China 1 tuition fees are not exempt from government issued "cultivation fee" is now compulsory education is a system of nine years: primary school for six years, junior high school for three years, all completed, compulsory education is completed. In fact, the Republic of China is also compulsory education. However, initially not called compulsory education, called "compulsory education", which means that the government forced parents to send their children to school. In the years before and after the establishment of the national government, the term "compulsory education" gradually replaced "compulsory education"". When the Republic of China, the number of years of compulsory education is lower than it is now: primary school graduation, compulsory education, even if the completion of the reading do not read secondary school, the government does not insist. The period of the Republic of China, primary school from "small" and "small". The national primary school called "elementary primary school", referred to as "junior", refers to the primary school the first grade to the third grade (some chuxiao also includes the fourth grade); higher primary school, referred to as the "primary school" refers to the fourth grade to the sixth grade primary school (some primary school does not include the fourth grade). In some provinces, such as Jiangsu Beiyang Period, the government forced the child has been finished high; while in other provinces, such as Shanxi Beiyang Period, finished junior high on the line, not within the scope of compulsory education. Although it is compulsory education, tuition is not free. For example, in six years (1917), Jiangsu Provincial Third Affiliated Primary School Teachers, the first grade to the sixth grade are, which read junior students per year to pay the tuition fee of 2.2 yuan (refer to the silver dollar, the same below), read the primary school students each year to pay the tuition fee of 4.4 yuan, if students live on campus, plus 1.5 yuan per year the accommodation fee. Another example of Guangdong public twenty-fourth national schools, only one or two, grade three, totally belong to compulsory education, students have to pay tuition fees of $6 per person per year. At that time, if the school had difficulties, the government has financial subsidies. At that time, the subsidy is called "cultivation fee". As mentioned above the Guangdong public twenty-fourth national primary school, which in four years (1915) opened at school a total of 3 grades, divided into 4 classes, more than 40 students per class (the standard class is 42 students), both male and female students. A student 6 yuan a year tuition, the school added up to more than 1000 yuan, this money, even to the teacher’s wages are not enough, not to mention other expenses. In six years, 2 is the cultivation of finance of Guangdong province for its fee"相关的主题文章:

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