Media: how much is high income in China? Sohu news people are more sensitive to very clean, the key is 120 thousand yuan, due to the lack of middle income, high income standards clearly defined, and that a large number of middle-class worry about accidentally "high income". On the two day, experts from the public finance and tax system made a "rumor" against "120 thousand yuan is a high income", and claimed that there had never been a definition of "middle class" or "high income standard". Lack of clear definition of middle and high income, but the event caused a strong public concern, but also because of the lack of a clear definition of middle income, high-income standards, and a large number of middle class worried about accidentally "high income". The middle class is not worried that even if there is no official standard line Weakness lends wings to rumours., high income people also believe that there are formal, in fact the high income standard line, and the invisible existence of high income standard line will be directly related to the number of policy. The reason why the 120 thousand yuan is mistaken for the high income dividing line is a direct impression of the tax declaration required by the State Administration of taxation. In 2006 the "individual income tax self tax declaration method (Trial)", the State Administration of Taxation stipulates that the standard of self declaration is 120 thousand yuan. In 2010, the State Administration of Taxation on the further strengthening of the management of individual income tax collection of high income people once again proposed that the annual income of more than 120 thousand yuan taxpayers self declaration is the legal obligation of taxpayers, is an important measure to strengthen the collection and management of high-income earners. A lot of people will ask, since the tax declaration is to strengthen the collection of high-income earners, if 120 thousand yuan is not high income, but also to declare what to do, this is not a waste of people’s time, waste of administrative resources? Is it more direct for the tax authorities to directly declare the high-income groups in the target?. It is not just the media and the general public, but also some scholars and experts. In 2013, vice president of the Chinese labor society, Su Hainan published an article in the media, also suggested that the middle-income standards defined in the annual income of 60 thousand -12 million yuan. (equivalent to nearly 10000 dollars -18000 dollars). Tax system design and 120 thousand yuan are closely related to the State Tax Bureau’s "120 thousand" echoes, is the National Bureau of statistics released data. Urban residents in 2013 published by the National Bureau of statistics of the per capita disposable income data as an example, the National Bureau of statistics grouped according to the five parts of urban residents’ income, low income group per capita disposable income of 11434 yuan, the lower middle income group per capita disposable income of 18483 yuan, the medium income group per capita disposable income of 24518 yuan, middle income group per capita disposable income of 32415 yuan, the high income group per capita disposable income of 56389 yuan. The per capita disposable income refers to the personal income tax, after deducting the five social insurance and one housing fund etc.. The National Bureau of statistics takes the household as the statistical caliber, then, is equivalent to a family of three, the annual disposable income reaches 168 thousand yuan, is the average level of high-income families. Minus a child without income, then two couples

媒体:在中国到底多少算高收入?-搜狐新闻 一清二白   民众之所以对12万元比较敏感,关键在于,由于缺乏对中等收入、高收入标准清晰的界定,而令大量中产担心一不小心就“被高收入”了。   这两天来自财政和税务系统的专家,对“12万元即是高收入”进行了“辟谣”,而且声称从来没有所谓中产或者高收入标准的界定。   缺乏中、高收入清晰界定   但是,事件之所以引发强烈的舆论关注,也恰恰在于,由于缺乏对中等收入、高收入标准清晰的界定,而令大量中产担心一不小心就“被高收入”了。中产阶层的这种担心并非空穴来风,即便没有正式的官方高收入标准线,民众也认为存在事实上的高收入标准线,而且,这个隐形存在的高收入标准线会与诸多政策直接相关。   12万元之所以会被误认为高收入的分界线,一个直观的印象就是来自国家税务总局要求的个税申报。在2006年出台的《个人所得税自行纳税申报办法(试行)》中,国家税务总局规定自行申报的标准是12万元。2010年国家税务总局《关于进一步加强高收入者个人所得税征收管理的通知》中再次提出,年所得12万元以上纳税人自行纳税申报是纳税人的法定义务,是加强高收入者征管的重要举措。   很多人会问,既然个税申报是为了加强高收入者征管,如果12万元不是高收入,还要大家申报干什么,这不是浪费民众时间、浪费行政资源吗?税务部门直接要求目标中的高收入人群申报岂不是更加直接。   对此产生误解的不只是媒体和一般的民众,也包括一些学者专家。中国劳动学会副会长苏海南2013年发表在媒体的一篇文章,也建议将中等收入标准界定在年收入6万-12万元。(相当于近10000美元-18000美元)。   税制设计和12万元息息相关   与国家税务局的“12万”相呼应的,则是国家统计局发布的数据。以国家统计局发布的2013年城镇居民人均可支配收入数据为例,国家统计局按城镇居民五等份收入分组,低收入组人均可支配收入11434元,中等偏下收入组人均可支配收入18483元,中等收入组人均可支配收入24518元,中等偏上收入组人均可支配收入32415元,高收入组人均可支配收入56389元。   人均可支配收入是指扣除了个税、五险一金等之后的个人纯收入。国家统计局以户为统计口径,那么,相当于一个三口之家年可支配性总收入达到16.8万元左右,就是高收入家庭的平均水准了。减掉一个没有收入的孩子,那么,夫妻二人每人的可支配性收入应该在8.4万左右,按照税率计算器,在北京的话对应的税前收入大概是每月9000元。这差不多就是税前年收入12万元了。   这个数据也就和目前的个人所得税税率对应了起来。2011年个税调整之后,个税起征点提高到了3500元,并实行7级累进税制。我们可以看到,第二档税率是10%,上限是4500元,加上各类社会保险扣除,根据有关方面的计算,对应的税前总收入在9800元左右(参见下表)。这样第二档税率的最高点也差不多设定为年收入12万元了。很显然,在2011年的个税改革中,12万元成为了第二档和第三档个税税率的分界点。这难道仅仅是巧合吗?   而过了12万元这个分界线,个税税率从10%,一下加倍上升到20%。如果考虑到,个人稿费以及彩票中奖等意外所得都是按照20%的税率缴纳个税,20%税率一般就被公众理解为对高收入者的征税税率。除非,有关部门告诉大家,20%的税率并不高,中产或者中等收入群体就该按照这一税率交税。   不管有关部门是否愿意承认“12万元”,但我们国家的统计结果和税制设计都和12万元有着或明或暗的关系,这可以说是一个实际上的收入标准线。   对中等收入界定范围太窄   民众之所以对12万元比较敏感,关键还是在于,我们对中等收入界定范围太窄,界定得太细。比如,第三档税率对应的税前收入在9800-14300元之间,月收入超过14300元就进入了第四档,按照25%的累进税率征税。有关研究也表明,2011年个税改革前后的税负相等点为40300元 月,即第四档的上限。也就是说,在低于40300元 月时税负略有降低,高于此数之后,税负有所加重。个税改革对低收入人群减税相当明显,而20000元 月以上的收入群体,就没有什么太多感觉。在诸多改革中,主要依靠工资收入的中等收入群体获得感并不强,反而在各种国民平均数中,屡屡被当做了高收入群体。   于德清(媒体人)相关的主题文章:

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